Allergic Eye Diseases
Conjunctivitis is one of the most common and treatable eye conditions in children and adults. Often called "pink eye," it is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the tissue that lines the inside of the eyelid and the white of the eyeball, and helps keep the eyelid and eyeball moist.There are tiny blood vessels inside this thin layer. When the conjunctiva becomes irritated, these blood vessels become bigger and more noticeable. This irritation will cause the eye to appear red or pink.
What causes allergic conjunctivitis?
Allergies can cause conjunctivitis. Some allergies may make your eye feel itchy. Others may produce a long-lasting red eye. Things in the environment, such as smoke, fumes, pollen or pool chlorine, may also cause it. This form is not contagious. It may also vary by season if you have seasonal allergies.
If you or your family have allergic diseases such as eczema or asthma, you are is more likely to get an eye allergy.Allergic diseases happen when the immune system reacts to harmless substances like dust or pollen.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis include
- Pink or red eyes
- Increased tearing
- Puffy eyelids
- Itchy eyes
- Burning eyes
- White mucous in the corner of the eye
- Blurred vision
These symptoms are usually present in both eyes, though the involvement may be unequal.
How is allergic conjunctivitis managed?
Try to remove the cause of the allergy or irritation.
Put cold compresses (a clean washcloth in very cold water) on your eyes for five minutes. This stops some of the “itch” cells from coming to your eyes.
Anti-allergy drops are recommended when symptoms are persistent, and need to be used regularly every day. They should not be stopped unless advised to do so.
Systemic medications are prescribed in severe cases